The Mayflower, carrying 102 pilgrims and 30 crew members landed at Provincetown Harbor off the coast of Massachusetts in November of 1620. Many of the colonists barely survived the harsh winters of 1620 and 1621. Many died.
Governor William Bradford subsequently implemented a collectivist policy in 1622 where he allotted each family a plot of land, and mandated that all profits must be given to a common storehouse for all to equally draw from. This policy almost destroyed the Plymouth settlement. Why? It’s because collectivism only works in theory, not practicality.
The less diligent members of the colony came late to their work in the fields, and were easy in their labors. Knowing that they were to receive an equal share of whatever the group produced, they saw little reason to be more industrious in their efforts. The harder working among the colonists became resentful that their efforts would be redistributed to the more malingering or slothful members.
Realizing the abysmal failure of collectivism, the colonists then embraced a free market system in which all could work for, and keep the fruits of their own labor. The result was abundant surplus, and prosperity. In essence, it allowed hardworking settlers the liberty of following their own interests in improving their own circumstances, and those of their families.
The lesson was that capitalism triumphed over collectivism. Although there is no utopia, capitalism still triumphs over communism and socialism in all practicality. Capitalism leads to economic growth and improved living standards. Each enjoys the fruits of their own efforts.